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No interrelation of motor planning and executive functions across young ages

Wunsch, Kathrin; Pfister, Roland; Henning, Anne; Aschersleben, Gisa; Weigelt, Matthias

Abstract (englisch):

The present study examined the developmental trajectories of motor planning and executive functioning in children. To this end, we tested 217 participants with three motor tasks, measuring anticipatory planning abilities (i.e., the bar-transport-task, the sword-rotation-task and the grasp-height-task), and three cognitive tasks, measuring executive functions (i.e., the Tower-of-Hanoi-task, the Mosaic-task, and the D2-attention-endurance-task). Children were aged between 3 and 10 years and were separated into age groups by 1-year bins, resulting in a total of eight groups of children and an additional group of adults. Results suggested (1) a positive developmental trajectory for each of the sub-tests, with better task performance as children get older; (2) that the performance in the separate tasks was not correlated across participants in the different age groups; and (3) that there was no relationship between performance in the motor tasks and in the cognitive tasks used in the present study when controlling for age. These results suggest that both, motor planning and executive functions are rather heterogeneous domains of cognitive functioning with fewer interdependencies than often suggested.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000079459
Veröffentlicht am 26.01.2018
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01031
Zitationen: 18
Zitationen: 18
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 12.07.2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-1078
KITopen-ID: 1000079459
Erschienen in Frontiers in psychology
Verlag Frontiers Media SA
Band 7
Seiten Article no 1031
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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