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Age-related decline in anticipatory motor planning and its relation to cognitive and motor skill proficiency

Stoeckel, Tino; Wunsch, Kathrin; Hughes, Charmayne M. L.

Abstract (englisch):

Anticipatory motor planning abilities mature as children grow older, develop throughout childhood and are likely to be stable till the late sixties. In the seventh decade of life, motor planning performance dramatically declines, with anticipatory motor planning abilities falling to levels of those exhibited by children. At present, the processes enabling successful anticipatory motor planning in general, as do the cognitive processes mediating these age-related changes, remain elusive. Thus, the aim of the present study was (a) to identify cognitive and motor functions that are most affected by normal aging and (b) to elucidate key (cognitive and motor) factors that are critical for successful motor planning performance in young (n = 40, mean age = 23.1 ± 2.6 years) and older adults (n = 37, mean age = 73.5 ± 7.1 years). Results indicate that normal aging is associated with a marked decline in all aspects of cognitive and motor functioning tested. However, age-related declines were more apparent for fine motor dexterity, processing speed and cognitive flexibility. Furthermore, up to 64% of the variance in motor planning performance across age groups could be explained by the cognitive functions processing speed, response planning and cognitive flexibility. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000079462
Veröffentlicht am 26.01.2018
DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2017.00283
Zitationen: 42
Zitationen: 47
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 04.09.2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1663-4365
KITopen-ID: 1000079462
Erschienen in Frontiers in aging neuroscience
Verlag Frontiers Media SA
Band 9
Seiten 283
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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