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The impact of pre-existing anxiety on affective and cognitive processing of a Virtual Reality analogue trauma

Schweizer, Tina; Schmitz, Julian; Plempe, Laura; Sun, Dali; Becker-Asano, Christian; Leonhart, Rainer; Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna

Abstract (englisch):

Dysfunctional processing of traumatic events may be in particular related to high trait anxiety as a pre-traumatic risk factor for the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, as this has rarely been investigated in prospective, experimental studies, we aimed to analyse the association between high trait anxiety and affective as well as cognitive processing of stress using a new prospective Virtual Reality analogue trauma paradigm to overcome limitations of retrospective or current analogue designs. Individuals with high and low trait anxiety (N = 80) were exposed to a multi-sensory Virtual Reality emergency scenario while psychophysiological stress response, emotion regulation and intrusive memories were assessed. Our results showed that high trait anxiety individuals display increased (i) subjective stress responses, (ii) emotion dysregulation and (iii) intrusive memories upon VR analogue trauma exposure. In particular, our sample of high trait anxiety individuals displayed limited access to different emotion regulation strategies as well as increased worry and rumination regarding perceived intrusive memories. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000080142
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190360
Zitationen: 23
Zitationen: 25
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Fördertechnik und Logistiksysteme (IFL)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1932-6203
KITopen-ID: 1000080142
Erschienen in PLoS one
Verlag Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Band 12
Heft 12
Seiten 1-19
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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