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Real-valued, time-periodic localizedweak solutions for a semilinearwave equation with periodic potentials

Hirsch, Andreas; Reichel, Wolfgang

We consider the semilinear wave equation V(x)u$_{tt}$ − uₓₓ + q(x)u = ±f (x, u) for three different classes (P1), (P2), (P3) of periodic potentials V, q. (P1) consists of periodically extended deltadistributions, (P2) of periodic step potentials and (P3) contains certain periodic potentials V, q ∈ Hr per(R) for r ∈ [1, 3/2). Among other assumptions we suppose that | f (x, s)| ≤ c(1 + |s|p) for some c > 0 and p > 1. In each class we can find suitable potentials that give rise to a critical exponent p∗ such that for p ∈ (1, p∗) both in the “+” and the “-” case we can use variational methods to prove existence of timeperiodic real-valued solutions that are localized in the space direction. The potentials are constructed explicitely in class (P1) and (P2) and are found by a recent result from inverse spectral theory in class (P3). The critical exponent p∗ depends on the regularity of V, q. Our result builds upon a Fourier expansion of the solution and a detailed analysis of the spectrum of the wave operator. In fact, it turns out that by a careful choice of the potentials and the spatial and temporal periods, the spectrum of the w ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000082694
Veröffentlicht am 11.05.2018
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Analysis (IANA)
Sonderforschungsbereich 1173 (SFB 1173)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht
Jahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2365-662X
KITopen-ID: 1000082694
Verlag KIT, Karlsruhe
Umfang 27 S.
Serie CRC 1173 ; 2018/5
Schlagworte semilinear wave equation, breather solutions, time-periodic, variational methods
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