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DOI: 10.1002/advs.201800519

Design and Synthesis of Layered Na₂Ti₃O₇ and Tunnel Na₂Ti₆O₁₃ Hybrid Structures with Enhanced Electrochemical Behavior for Sodium-Ion Batteries [in press]

Wu, Chunjin; Hua, Weibo; Zhang, Zheng; Zhong, Benhe; Yang, Zuguang; Feng, Guilin; Xiang, Wei; Wu, Zhenguo; Guo, Xiaodong

A novel complementary approach for promising anode materials is proposed. Sodium titanates with layered Na2Ti3O7 and tunnel Na2Ti6O13 hybrid structure are presented, fabricated, and characterized. The hybrid sample exhibits excellent cycling stability and superior rate performance by the inhibition of layered phase transformation and synergetic effect. The structural evolution, reaction mechanism, and reaction dynamics of hybrid electrodes during the sodium insertion/desertion process are carefully investigated. In situ synchrotron X‐ray powder diffraction (SXRD) characterization is performed and the result indicates that Na+ inserts into tunnel structure with occurring solid solution reaction and intercalates into Na2Ti3O7 structure with appearing a phase transition in a low voltage. The reaction dynamics reveals that sodium ion diffusion of tunnel Na2Ti6O13 is faster than that of layered Na2Ti3O7. The synergetic complementary properties are significantly conductive to enhance electrochemical behavior of hybrid structure. This study provides a promising candidate anode for advanced sodium ion batteries (SIBs).

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2198-3844
KITopen ID: 1000084354
Erschienen in Advanced science
Seiten 1800519
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 01.07.2018
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