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SO2 gas adsorption on carbon nanomaterials: A comparative study

Babu, D. J.; Puthusseri, D.; Kühl, F. G.; Okeil, S.; Bruns, Michael 1,2; Hampe, M.; Schneider, J. J.
1 Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Owing to their high stability against corrosive gases, carbon-based adsorbents are preferentially used for the adsorptive removal of SO2. In the present study, SO2 adsorption on different carbon nanomaterials namely carbon nanohorns (CNHs), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) are investigated and compared against the adsorption characteristics of activated carbon and graphene oxide (GO). A comprehensive overview of the adsorption behavior of this family of carbon adsorbents is given for the first time. The relative influence of surface area and functional groups on the SO2 adsorption characteristics is discussed. The isosteric heat of adsorption values are calculated to quantify the nature of the interaction between the SO2 molecule and the adsorbent. Most importantly, while chemisorption is found to dominate the adsorption behavior in activated carbon, SO2 adsorption on carbon nanomaterials occurs by a physisorption mechanism.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000084599
Veröffentlicht am 23.07.2018
DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.9.169
Zitationen: 9
Web of Science
Zitationen: 8
Zitationen: 10
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2190-4286
KITopen-ID: 1000084599
HGF-Programm 47.02.08 (POF III, LK 01) Zellpopul. Biofunk.Oberflächen IAM-ESS
Weitere HGF-Programme 49.02.07 (POF III, LK 02) XPS
Erschienen in Beilstein journal of nanotechnology
Verlag Beilstein-Institut
Band 9
Heft 1
Seiten 1782-1792
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 13.06.2018
Schlagwörter adsorption, carbon nanohorns, carbon nanotubes, heat of adsorption, sulfur dioxide, vertically aligned carbon nanotubes
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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