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An analysis of current and future electricity production from biogas in Germany

Balussou, David

Abstract (englisch):
With the development of renewable energy sources in Germany the use of biogas for electricity and heat production has rapidly expanded since the year 2000. This expansion has been encouraged by several Federal governmental incentives and in particular by the electricity Feed-In-Tariffs introduced in the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG). Agricultural plants valorizing energy crops now constitute almost 80% of total biogas installations. However volatile energy crops and electricity prices, combined with continuously evolving framework conditions, are a source of uncertainty for German plant operators. In this context, investment decision making for biogas plant projects is a difficult task that requires the development of decision support tools.

In order to provide an assistance to plant operators two models are developed in this work. The first one deals with the analysis of the current electricity production from biogas in Germany (simulation model) and the second one with mid-term developments up to the year 2030 (optimization model).

The simulation model is based on a process modelling approach which calibrates and simulates reference biogas plant types by considering a variable and differentiated biomass input. ... mehr

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Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000084909
Veröffentlicht am 30.07.2018
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung (DFIU)
Publikationstyp Hochschulschrift
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator urn:nbn:de:swb:90-849093
KITopen-ID: 1000084909
Verlag Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Umfang VIII, 223 S.
Art der Arbeit Dissertation
Fakultät Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften (WIWI)
Institut Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung (DFIU)
Prüfungsdatum 09.02.2018
Referent/Betreuer Prof. W. Fichtner
Schlagwörter Biogas, simulation, optimization
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