The RN-15/IDDP-2 deep geothermal well of the DEEPEGS EU project on the Mid-Atlantic ridge at Reykjanes, Iceland, is a unique site for geothermal research. With a bottom hole temperature of approximately 426°C, it is one of the hottest geothermal wells ever drilled aiming for fluids at supercritical condition. Consequently, down-hole measurements are reliable to a depth of about 3.5 km, only. Pressure and temperature condition in the reservoir can be inferred using the newly developed wellbore simulator WellboreKit.
Due to complete fluid loss, the well has been drilled at flow rates that reach hydraulic stimulation condition. After the drilling, the well was stimulated further by applying different concepts ranging from high flow rate hydraulic stimulation to long-term but low flow rate hydraulic stimulation to increase the reservoir performance at around 4.6 km depth. Thermo-hydro-mechanically coupled numerical modelling was performed to predict the performance response and thus, develop a well stimulation schedule. Processes related to drilling and stimulation are monitored using seismic and magnetotelluric methods to characterize and understand the processes ongoing during injection.