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Nature and Functionality of La$_{0.58}$Sr$_{0.4}$Co$_{0.2}$Fe$_{0.8}$O$_{3-δ}$ / Gd$_{0.2}$Ce$_{0.8}$O$_{2-δ}$ / Y$_{0.16}$Zr$_{0.84}$O$_{2-δ}$ Interfaces in SOFCs

Szász, Julian 1; Wankmüller, Florian 1; Wilde, Virginia 2; Störmer, Heike 2; Gerthsen, Dagmar 2; Menzler, Norbert H.; Ivers-Tiffée, Ellen 1
1 Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IAM-WET), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Laboratorium für Elektronenmikroskopie (LEM), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Interdiffusion phenomena and secondary phase formation at the interface La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) / Gd0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (GDC) / Y0.16Zr0.84O2-δ (YSZ) are correlated to linear and non-linear losses in symmetrical and full SOFC cells. FIB/SEM (focussed ion beam / scanning electron microscopy) tomography is applied for determining the local distribution of the primary phases LSCF, GDC, and YSZ and elemental analysis via STEM/EDXS (scanning transmission electron microscopy / energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) provides information on the secondary phase SrZrO3 (SZO) and the interdiffusion between GDC and YSZ (ID). This reveals the effect of GDC co-sintering temperature (varied from 1100°C to 1400°C), alongside the sintering of LSCF at 1080°C, on these multi-layered microstructures. Electrochemical impedance spectra on symmetrical cells show that the polarization resistance (ASRcat) of the cathode/electrolyte interface is pronouncedly affected by three orders of magnitude, changing the overall power density of anode supported SOFC single cells at 0.8V by as much as a factor of 20. In conclusion, the chemical composition of the ID has a tremendous impact on the electrochemical efficiency of the investigated LSCF/GDC/YSZ interface, and processing parameters of anode supported cells with LSCF cathode have to be carefully chosen for individual SOFC cell concepts.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000085438
Veröffentlicht am 22.08.2018
DOI: 10.1149/2.0031811jes
Zitationen: 569
Web of Science
Zitationen: 50
Zitationen: 57
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IAM-WET)
Laboratorium für Elektronenmikroskopie (LEM)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Zentrale Einrichtungen (Zentrale Einrichtungen)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0013-4651, 1945-7111
KITopen-ID: 1000085438
Erschienen in Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Verlag Electrochemical Society
Band 165
Heft 10
Seiten F898–F906
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.08.2018
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere Energie
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