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Nature and Functionality of La$_{0.58}$Sr$_{0.4}$Co$_{0.2}$Fe$_{0.8}$O$_{3-δ}$ / Gd$_{0.2}$Ce$_{0.8}$O$_{2-δ}$ / Y$_{0.16}$Zr$_{0.84}$O$_{2-δ}$ Interfaces in SOFCs

Szász, Julian 1; Wankmüller, Florian 1; Wilde, Virginia 2; Störmer, Heike 2; Gerthsen, Dagmar 2; Menzler, Norbert H.; Ivers-Tiffée, Ellen 1
1 Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IAM-WET), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Laboratorium für Elektronenmikroskopie (LEM), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:

Interdiffusion phenomena and secondary phase formation at the interface La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) / Gd0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (GDC) / Y0.16Zr0.84O2-δ (YSZ) are correlated to linear and non-linear losses in symmetrical and full SOFC cells. FIB/SEM (focussed ion beam / scanning electron microscopy) tomography is applied for determining the local distribution of the primary phases LSCF, GDC, and YSZ and elemental analysis via STEM/EDXS (scanning transmission electron microscopy / energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) provides information on the secondary phase SrZrO3 (SZO) and the interdiffusion between GDC and YSZ (ID). This reveals the effect of GDC co-sintering temperature (varied from 1100°C to 1400°C), alongside the sintering of LSCF at 1080°C, on these multi-layered microstructures. Electrochemical impedance spectra on symmetrical cells show that the polarization resistance (ASRcat) of the cathode/electrolyte interface is pronouncedly affected by three orders of magnitude, changing the overall power density of anode supported SOFC single cells at 0.8V by as much as a factor of 20. In conclusion, the chemical composition of the ID has a tremendous impact on the electrochemical efficiency of the investigated LSCF/GDC/YSZ interface, and processing parameters of anode supported cells with LSCF cathode have to be carefully chosen for individual SOFC cell concepts.


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000085438
Veröffentlicht am 22.08.2018
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1149/2.0031811jes
Scopus
Zitationen: 569
Web of Science
Zitationen: 50
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Zitationen: 57
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IAM-WET)
Laboratorium für Elektronenmikroskopie (LEM)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Zentrale Einrichtungen (Zentrale Einrichtungen)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0013-4651, 1945-7111
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-854383
KITopen-ID: 1000085438
Erschienen in Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Verlag Electrochemical Society
Band 165
Heft 10
Seiten F898–F906
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.08.2018
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