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Insight into Sulfur Confined in Ultramicroporous Carbon

Helen, M.; Diemant, Thomas; Schindler, Stefan; Behm, R. Jürgen; Danzer, Michael; Kaiser, Ute; Fichtner, Maximilian 1; Anji Reddy, M.
1 Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Here, we provide a deeper insight into the state of sulfur confined in ultramicroporous carbon (UMC) and clarify its electrochemical reaction mechanism with lithium by corroborating the results obtained using various experimental techniques, such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, in situ Raman spectroscopy, and in situ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In combination, these results indicate that sulfur in UMC exists as linear polymeric sulfur rather than smaller allotropes. The electrochemical reactivity of lithium with sulfur confined in UMC (pore size ≤0.7 nm) is different from that of sulfur confined in microporous carbon (≤2 nm, or ultramicroporous carbon containing significant amount of micropores) and mesoporous carbon (>2 nm). The observed quasi-solid-state reaction of lithium with sulfur in UMC with a single voltage plateau during the discharge/charge process is due to the effective separation of solvent molecules from the active material. The size of carbon pores plays a vital role in determining the reaction path of lithium with sulfur confined in UMC.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000085858
Veröffentlicht am 18.09.2018
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.8b01681
Zitationen: 42
Web of Science
Zitationen: 41
Zitationen: 43
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 09.2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2470-1343, 2470-1343
KITopen-ID: 1000085858
HGF-Programm 37.01.03 (POF III, LK 01) Batteries in Application
Erschienen in ACS omega
Verlag American Chemical Society (ACS)
Band 3
Heft 9
Seiten 11290–11299
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 17.09.2018
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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