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Potential of in situ triaxial stress experiments using neutron time-of-flight diffraction on po - rous rocks for reducing the risk of subsidence and induced seismicity through gas produc - tion

Müller, Birgit I. R.; Scheffzük, Christian; Breuer, Simon; Schilling, Frank R.

Abstract (englisch):

In gas production fields the extraction of massive gas volumes from the geological underground caused subsidence up
to about 30 cm and increased the regional seismicity. We consider the geomechanical issues of the increased seismicity
due to hydrocarbon production, especially the coupling of reservoir pore pressure and in situ stress. Models cannot con-
sidered reservoirs where stress changes and pore pressure changes are decoupled from one another: Observations in
numerous reservoirs show that the rate of minimum horizontal stress change is coupled to approximately 50-80% of the
rate of pore pressure depletion due to gas production. This is critically dependent on the effective Biot stress coefficient.
It can be derived from the coefficient of the dry bulk modulus of the rock and the bulk modulus of the mineral grains of
the rock. A triaxial pressure cell with the possibility to apply axial, confining and pore pressures equivalent to those of
hydrocarbon or geothermal reservoirs has been developed and manufactured were used for in situ stress experiments
at the neutron time-of-flight stress/strain instrument EPSILON at beamline 7A of the pulsed neutron source IBR-2M,
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Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Poster
Publikationsdatum 18.09.2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000085942
HGF-Programm 35.14.01 (POF III, LK 01) Effiziente Nutzung geothermisch. Energie
Veranstaltung German Conference for Research with Synchrotron Radiation, Neutrons and Ion Beams at Large Facilities, Garching, 17.-19.09.2018
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