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Bright spots in agricultural landscapes: Identifying areas exceeding expectations for multifunctionality and biodiversity

Frei, Barbara; Renard, Delphine; Mitchell, Matthew G. E.; Seufert, Verena; Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca; Rhemtulla, Jeanine M.; Bennett, Elena M.

Abstract:
1. Agriculture's influence on humanity is a dichotomy of promise and peril. Research on the food‐environment dilemma has highlighted the environmental consequences of food production, yet the identification of management solutions is an ongoing challenge.
2. We suggest “bright spots” as a promising tool to identify levers of change by finding areas that exceed expectations for goals, such as agricultural landscape multifunctionality and biodiversity.
3. We identified bright, dark and average spots within a complex agricultural landscape and explored the associated socioeconomic patterns. We found that areas exceeding expectations for biodiversity and landscape multifunctionality were neither spatially congruent nor in conflict. It was more common for areas to underperform (dark spots) for both biodiversity and multifunctionality than over perform for both (bright spots).
4. While dark spots for multifunctionality were alike in their ecosystem service composition, bright spots were bright in multiple, diverse ways. The socioeconomic attributes that characterize bright and darks spots included both farm characteristics as well as f ... mehr



Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13191
Scopus
Zitationen: 2
Web of Science
Zitationen: 2
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0021-8901
KITopen-ID: 1000085979
HGF-Programm 12.02.02 (POF III, LK 01)
Erschienen in Journal of applied ecology
Band 55
Heft 6
Seiten 2731-2743
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 25.06.2018
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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