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Turbulent structure inside and above shallow to deep canopies

Chagot, L.; Moulin, F.; Eiff, O.; Elyakime, P.

Multi-plane PIV measurements were performed in an open-channel flume filled with elongated prisms of height k and width to investigate the effect of the deepening of the canopy on the flow structure. Velocity measurements were performed both inside the canopy and above it. Analysis of the spatial convergence for the double-averaged quantities shows that for canopy flow investigations (z < k), at least 5 measurement planes are required to obtain a relative spatial convergence error below 3% for the dispersive shear stress, the quantity the most sensible to spatial sampling. With only three measurement planes, the spatial convergence is below 1% only in the flow region above the canopy (z > k). Three canopy aspect ratios, k/ℓ = [1, 3, 6] were investigated for a fixed modified-submergence ratio β = (h − k)/ℓ = 3 where h is the water depth. As the canopy deepens, the hydraulic roughness decreases and the velocity near the bottom of the canopy becomes gradually constant, as expected for deep canopies. We show how the highly converged (both in space and time) profiles of double-averaged longitudinal velocity and total shear stress can be used to calculate the vertical distribution of drag in the canopy. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000086602
Veröffentlicht am 16.10.2018
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Hydromechanik (IFH)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2267-1242
KITopen-ID: 1000086602
Erschienen in 9th International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, River Flow 2018; Lyon-Villeurbanne; France; 5 September 2018 through 8 September 2018
Verlag EDP Sciences
Seiten 05059
Serie E3S Web of Conferences ; 40
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
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