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The MIPAS/Envisat climatology (2002–2012) of polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) volume density profiles

Höpfner, Michael; Stiller, Gabriele; von Clarmann, Thomas

A global data set of vertical profiles of polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) volume density has been derived from Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) space-borne infrared limb measurements between 2002 and 2012. To develop a well characterized and efficient retrieval scheme, systematic tests based on limb-radiance simulations for PSCs from in-situ balloon observations have been performed . The finally selected wavenumber range was 831–832.5 cm-1.
Optical constants of nitric acid trihydrate (NAT) have been used to derive maximum and minimum profiles of volume density which are compatible with MIPAS observations under the assumption of small, non-scattering and larger, scattering PSC particles. These max/min profiles deviate from their mean value at each altitude by about 40-45%, which is attributed as the maximum systematic error of the retrieval. Further, the retrieved volume density profiles are characterized by a random error due to instrumental noise of 0.02–0.05 μm3cm-3, a detection limit of about 0.1–0.2 μm3cm-3 and a vertical resolution of around 3 km. Comparisons with co-incident observations by the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) on the CALIPSO (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations) satellite showed good agreement regarding the vertical profile shape. ... mehr

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Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Forschungsdaten
Publikationsjahr 2018
Erstellungsdatum 07.03.2018
Identifikator DOI (KIT): 10.5445/IR/1000086658
KITopen-ID: 1000086658
HGF-Programm 12.04.03 (POF III, LK 01) Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Change
Lizenz Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International
Schlagwörter Polar stratospheric clouds, PSC, Ozone, Stratosphere, Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric sounding, MIPAS Limb-sounding, Infrared, Fourier Transform Spectroscopy

PSC volume density profiles retrieved from single MIPAS/Envisat limb scans. Two profiles are provided, 0: retrieved with assumption of 3um radius particles, 1: retrieved with assumption of 0.2um radius particles. These profiles are min/max limits for the volume densities with res1 < 5-10 um3 cm-3. For STS, profiles res1 are best suited. Profiles with res1 > 5-10 um3 cm-3 contain ice and in this case the real volume densities may be even larger.CAUTION: at 26 km and 28 km, retrieval instabilities may be present in case of thick ice PSCs below. For more information, see article:
The MIPAS/Envisat climatology (2002–2012) of polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) volume density profiles, M. Hoepfner, T. Deshler, M. Pitts, L. Poole, R. Spang, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 2018,

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