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Locating wind farms by seismic interferometry and migration

Friedrich, Tobias 1; Zieger, Toni 1; Forbriger, Thomas ORCID iD icon 1; Ritter, Joachim R. R. 1
1 Geophysikalisches Institut (GPI), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

We present a case study on the detection and quantification of seismic signals induced by operating wind turbines (WTs). We spatially locate the sources of such signals in data which were recorded at 11 seismic stations in 2011 and 2012 during the TIMO project (Deep Structure of the Central Upper Rhine Graben). During this time period, four wind farms with altogether 12 WTs were in operation near the town of Landau, Southwest Germany. We locate WTs as sources of continuous seismic signals by application of seismic interferometry and migration of the energy found in cross-correlograms. A clear increase of emitted seismic energy with rotor speed confirms that the observed signal is induced by WTs. We can clearly distinguish wind farms consisting of different types of WTs (different hub height and rotor diameter) corresponding to different stable frequency bands (1.3–1.6 Hz, 1.75–1.95 Hz and 2.0–2.2 Hz) which do not depend on wind speed. The peak frequency apparently is controlled by the elastic eigenmodes of the structure rather than the passing of blades at the tower. From this we conclude that vibrations are coupled into the ground at the foundation and propagate as Rayleigh waves (and not as infrasound). ... mehr

DOI: 10.1007/s10950-018-9779-0
Zitationen: 9
Web of Science
Zitationen: 9
Zitationen: 12
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Geophysikalisches Institut (GPI)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 11.2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1383-4649, 1573-157X
KITopen-ID: 1000086896
Erschienen in Journal of seismology
Verlag Springer
Band 22
Heft 6
Seiten 1469–1483
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 09.08.2018
Schlagwörter wind farms, seismic interferometry, seismic background noise, seismic migration
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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