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High-Resolution Observations of Transport and Exchange Processes in Mountainous Terrain

Emeis, Stefan ORCID iD icon 1; Kalthoff, Norbert 2; Adler, Bianca 2; Pardyjak, Eric; Paci, Alexandre; Junkermann, Wolfgang 1
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Troposphärenforschung (IMKTRO), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Mountainous areas require appropriate measurement strategies to cover the full spectrum of details concerning the energy exchange at the Earth’s surface and to capture the spatiotemporal distribution of atmospheric dynamic and thermodynamic fields over them. This includes the range from turbulence to mesoscale processes and its interaction. The surface energy balance needs appropriate measurement strategies as well. In this paper, we present an overview of important experiments performed over mountainous terrain and summarize the available techniques for flow and energy measurements in complex terrain. The description includes ground-based and airborne in situ observations as well as ground-based and airborne remote sensing (passive and active) observations. Emphasis is placed on systems which retrieve spatiotemporal information on mesoscale and smaller scales, fitting mountainous terrain research needs. Finally, we conclude with a short list summarizing challenges and gaps one faces when dealing with measurements over complex terrain.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000087836
Veröffentlicht am 26.11.2018
DOI: 10.3390/atmos9120457
Zitationen: 16
Web of Science
Zitationen: 11
Zitationen: 19
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Troposphärenforschung (IMKTRO)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2073-4433
KITopen-ID: 1000087836
HGF-Programm 12.02.04 (POF III, LK 01) Urban-Rural Interactions
Erschienen in Atmosphere
Verlag MDPI
Band 9
Heft 12
Seiten Article: 475
Schlagwörter measurements; mountainous terrain; complex terrain; remote sensing; in situ observations
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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