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Tailoring the Strength of Nanoporous Gold by Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkanethiols

Mameka, Nadiia; Lührs, Lukas; Heissler, Stefan 1; Gliemann, Hartmut 1; Wöll, Christof 1
1 Institut für Funktionelle Grenzflächen (IFG), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

Due to the large specific surface area, the properties of nanoporous metals and in particular their mechanical properties are sensitive to chemical modifications of their surfaces. Here, we exploit self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) to modify a surface of nanoporous gold and study their effect on plastic behavior. The SAMs investigated here (i) are made from alkanethiols, which consist of a sulfur headgroup that strongly binds to metal substrates, a hydrocarbon chain and an end-group, and (ii) are known to spontaneously self-organize into well-ordered, dense two-dimensional molecular films on the surface of coinage metals. Alkanethiols with various chain lengths and terminal groups were used to prepare SAMs on bulk nanoporous gold and compression tests were performed on the SAM-modified and non-modified macroscopic samples. Our experiments reveal a substantial, up to 50%, increase of the flow stress due to thiol adsorption. We attribute the strengthening to the adsorption-locking of dislocation endpoints at the surface, which is mediated by the fairly strong metal-sulfur interaction.

DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.8b01368
Zitationen: 8
Web of Science
Zitationen: 7
Zitationen: 8
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Funktionelle Grenzflächen (IFG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2574-0970, 2574-0970
KITopen-ID: 1000088222
HGF-Programm 43.22.01 (POF III, LK 01) Functionality by Design
Erschienen in ACS applied nano materials
Verlag American Chemical Society (ACS)
Band 1
Heft 12
Seiten 6613–6621
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 26.11.2018
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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