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Fast kinetics of multivalent intercalation chemistry enabled by solvated magnesium-ions into self-established metallic layered materials

Li, Zhenyou; Mu, Xiaoke; Zhao-Karger, Zhirong; Diemant, Thomas; Behm, R. Jürgen; Kübel, Christian; Fichtner, Maximilian

Rechargeable magnesium batteries are one of the most promising candidates for next-generation battery technologies. Despite recent significant progress in the development of efficient electrolytes, an on-going challenge for realization of rechargeable magnesium batteries remains to overcome the sluggish kinetics caused by the strong interaction between double charged magnesium-ions and the intercalation host. Herein, we report that a magnesium battery chemistry with fast intercalation kinetics in the layered molybdenum disulfide structures can be enabled by using solvated magnesium-ions ([Mg(DME)x]2+). Our study demonstrates that the high charge density of magnesium-ion may be mitigated through dimethoxyethane solvation, which avoids the sluggish desolvation process at the cathode-electrolyte interfaces and reduces the trapping force of the cathode lattice to the cations, facilitating magnesium-ion diffusion. The concept of using solvation effect could be a general and effective route to tackle the sluggish intercalation kinetics of magnesium-ions, which can potentially be extended to other host structures.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000088489
Veröffentlicht am 11.12.2018
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07484-4
Zitationen: 38
Web of Science
Zitationen: 33
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2041-1723
KITopen-ID: 1000088489
HGF-Programm 37.01.15 (POF III, LK 01) Reaction and Degradation Mechanisms
Erschienen in Nature Communications
Verlag Nature Research
Band 9
Heft 1
Seiten Article no 5115
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 30.11.2018
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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