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Spatial disaggregation in transport modelling -- Modelling Europe with more than 100,000 travel zones

Ihrig, Jan

Abstract (englisch):
European transport policy pursues several targets, such as reducing CO2 emissions and improving the efficiency of transport systems. In order to investigate the effectiveness as well as the welfare impacts of potential policy measures, transport models are applied in policy consulting. However, the travel zones used in recent transport models operating at European scale are often too large, mainly due to complexity and data availability. These models can provide only limited insights into regional traffic flows.

In this thesis, an innovative transport modelling approach called HIPAT is introduced. HIPAT is based on disaggregated and homogeneous travel zones, and thus facilitates the modelling of European traffic flows, including long-distance, regional and short-distance passenger trips with a single, consistent transport model. This enables European policy makers to assess also regional welfare impacts when prioritising, for instance, investments in the trans-European transport network. The quantum leap from 1,500 travel zones at NUTS-3 level to more than 100,000 at LAU-2 level, while simultaneously reducing the model runtime from several days to one hour, can be facilitated by solving the trip distribution problem very efficiently at different spatial levels. ... mehr

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Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000088509
Veröffentlicht am 12.12.2018
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre (ECON)
Publikationstyp Hochschulschrift
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator urn:nbn:de:swb:90-885092
KITopen-ID: 1000088509
Verlag Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Umfang XV, 231 S.
Art der Arbeit Dissertation
Fakultät Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften (WIWI)
Institut Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre (ECON)
Prüfungsdatum 19.11.2018
Referent/Betreuer Prof. K. Mitusch
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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