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Numerical Simulation of a Nano-pulsed High-voltage Discharge and Impact on Low-temperature Plasma Ignition Processes for Automotive Applications

Scarcelli, Riccardo; Biswas, Sayan; Ekoto, Isaac; Breden, Douglas; Karpatne, Anand; Raja, Laxminarayan


Spark-ignition (SI) processes are facing some challenges with the SI engine research continuing to move towards extremely dilute operation. Typical response from the automotive OEMs is to increase the spark energy to hundreds of mJs. However, this approach reduces the spark-plug lifetime due to erosion. In recent years, several lowtemperature plasma (LTP) technologies (e.g. microwave, nanosecond pulsed discharge, Corona discharge) have been proposed for automotive applications as a substitute for the conventional SI process, yet no LTP ignition models are available for commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes for the evaluation and optimization of these advanced ignition systems. This paper summarizes recent efforts to model LTP generated by a nano-pulsed highvoltage discharge in a multi-dimensional fashion. Streamer discharges between two pin electrodes are modeled through 2-D computations using the non-equilibrium plasma commercial solver VizGlow. The impact of key parameters such as peak voltage and gas density on the characteristics of the streamers is evaluated. The experimental dataset is used to validate the numerical predictions in terms of thermal and chemical properties of the generated plasma at the end of the discharge. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000088603
Veröffentlicht am 08.06.2019
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Kolbenmaschinen (IFKM)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISBN: 978-3-8169-3449-3
KITopen-ID: 1000088603
Erschienen in Ignition Systems for Gasoline Engines : 4th International Conference, December 6 - 7, 2018, Berlin, Germany. Ed.: M. Günther
Verlag expert-Verlag
Seiten 329-339
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