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Pressure drag and effective roughness length with neutral stratification

Emeis, Stefan ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

A two-dimensional numerical mesoscale model is used to determine the pressure drag of sinoidal
mountains and valleys in a neutral atmosphere. In the first part, pressure distributions and flow patterns
for isolated obstacles are considered. For large aspect ratios, the pressure drag exerted by valleys becomes
small compared to that of mountains. In the second part, interactions between several obstacles are
investigated. For mountains, the drag on downstream obstacles is reduced considerably by the first obstacle
when the obstacles are close together. For valleys there is a slight increase of the average drag exerted by
each obstacle. In the limit for a large number of obstacles, average drag exerted by one mountain is equal
to average drag for one valley. For smaller aspect ratios, this average drag can be entered into the resistance
law from the Rossby number similarity theory to yield an ‘effective roughness length’.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00125143
Zitationen: 14
Web of Science
Zitationen: 16
Zitationen: 18
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 06.1987
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0006-8314, 1573-1472
KITopen-ID: 1000088919
Erschienen in Boundary layer meteorology
Verlag Springer
Band 39
Heft 4
Seiten 379–401
Externe Relationen Abstract/Volltext
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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