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The WASCAL Hydrometeorological Observatory in the Sudan Savanna of Burkina Faso and Ghana

Bliefernicht, J.; Berger, S. 1; Salack, S.; Guug, S.; Hingerl, L.; Heinzeller, D.; Mauder, M. 1; Steinbrecher, R. 1; Steup, G.; Bossa, A. Y.; Waongo, M.; Quansah, E.; Balogun, A. A.; Yira, Y.; Arnault, J. 1; Wagner, S.; Klein, C.; Gessner, U.; Knauer, K.; ... mehr


Watersheds with rich hydrometeorological equipment are still very limited in West Africa but are essential for an improved analysis of environmental changes and their impacts in this region. This study gives an overview of a novel hydrometeorological observatory that was established for two mesoscale watersheds in the Sudan Savanna of Southern Burkina Faso and Northern Ghana as part of the West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL) program. The study area is characterized by severe land cover changes due to a strongly increasing demand of agricultural land. The observatory is designed for long-term measurements of >30 hydrometeorological variables in subhourly resolution and further variables such as CO$_{2}$. This information is complemented by long-term daily measurements from national meteorological and hydrological networks, among several other datasets recently established for this region. A unique component of the observatory is a micrometeorological field experiment using eddy covariance stations implemented at three contrasting sites (near-natural, cropland, and degraded grassland) to assess the impact of land cover changes on water, energy, and CO$_{2}$ fluxes. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000089335
Veröffentlicht am 10.01.2019
DOI: 10.2136/vzj2018.03.0065
Zitationen: 16
Web of Science
Zitationen: 14
Zitationen: 16
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1539-1663
KITopen-ID: 1000089335
HGF-Programm 12.02.03 (POF III, LK 01) Regional Climate-and Water Cycle Variab.
Erschienen in Vadose zone journal
Verlag Wiley Open Access
Band 17
Heft 1
Seiten 1-20
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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