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A Modeling Study on the Sensitivities of Atmospheric Charge Separation According to the Relative Diffusional Growth Rate Theory to Nonspherical Hydrometeors and Cloud Microphysics

Glassmeier, F.; Arnold, L.; Dietlicher, R.; Paukert, Marco 1; Lohmann, U.
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Collisional charge transfer between graupel and ice crystals in the presence of cloud droplets is considered the dominant mechanism for charge separation in thunderclouds. According to the relative diffusional growth rate (RDGR) theory, the hydrometeor with the faster diffusional radius growth is charged positively in such collisions. We explore sensitivities of the RDGR theory to nonspherical hydrometeors and six parameters (pressure, temperature, liquid water content, sizes of ice crystals, graupel, and cloud droplets). Idealized simulations of a thundercloud with two‐moment cloud microphysics provide a realistic sampling of the parameter space. Nonsphericity and anisotropic diffusional growth strongly control the extent of positive graupel charging. We suggest a tuning parameter to account for anisotropic effects not represented in bulk microphysics schemes. In a susceptibility analysis that uses automated differentiation, we identify ice crystal size as most important RDGR parameter, followed by graupel size. Simulated average ice crystal size varies with temperature due to ice multiplication and heterogeneous freezing of droplets. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000089484
Veröffentlicht am 14.01.2019
DOI: 10.1029/2018JD028356
Zitationen: 3
Web of Science
Zitationen: 2
Zitationen: 2
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 11.2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2169-897X
KITopen-ID: 1000089484
HGF-Programm 12.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Clouds in a pertubed atmosphere
Erschienen in Journal of geophysical research / D
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 123
Heft 21
Seiten 12,236–12,252
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 09.11.2018
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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