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“The Chatbot is typing …” – The Role of Typing Indicators in Human-Chatbot Interaction

Gnewuch, Ulrich; Morana, Stefan; Adam, Marc T. P.; Maedche, Alexander

Abstract (englisch):
Chatbots have attracted considerable interest in recent years. A key design challenge to increase their adoption is to make the interaction with them feel natural and human-like. Therefore, it is suggested to incorporate social cues in the chatbot design. Drawing on the Computers are Social Actors paradigm and the "uncanny valley" hypothesis, we study the effect of one specific social cue (i.e., typing indicators) on social presence of chatbots. In an online experiment, we investigate the effect of two specific designs of typing indicators. Our preliminary results indicate that graphical typing indicators increase social presence of chatbots, but only for novice users. Therefore, our results suggest that the relationship between typing indicators and perceived social presence of chatbots depends on the design of these indicators and user's prior experience. We contribute with empirical insights and design knowledge that support researchers and practitioners in understanding and designing more natural human-chatbot interactions.


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Informationswirtschaft und Marketing (IISM)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Jahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000089971
Erschienen in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Pre-ICIS Workshop on HCI Research in MIS, San Francisco, CA, USA, December 13th , 2018
Schlagworte Chatbot, conversational agent, typing indicator, social presence, computers are social actors, online experiment
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