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Sequential and non-sequential simulation of volume holographic gratings

Kick, Moritz 1; Fieß, Reinhold; Stork, Wilhelm 1
1 Institut für Technik der Informationsverarbeitung (ITIV), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Background: In the development process of holographic displays like holographic Head-Mounted Displays (hHMD) the simulation of the complete optical system is strongly required. This especially includes the correct behaviour of the volume holographic grating (VHG) in terms of its optical function and its diffraction efficiency. The latter is not supported by the current version of Zemax®; OpticStudio 17, one of the most popular optic simulation tools.
Methods: To solve this problem we implemented a C++ code for each raytracing mode of Zemax®;, namely the sequential and non-sequential. The C++ code calculates the grating vector for every single ray traced. Based on the k-sphere formalism the propagation direction of the diffracted light is determined. Furthermore, its diffraction efficiency is defined according to Kogelnik’s coupled-wave theory. The C++ code is compiled and linked into Zemax®; using the Windows Dynamic Link Library (DLL).
Results and discussion: The aforementioned DLL enables the simulation of planar and arbitrarily spherical curved VHG and their diffraction efficiency within Zemax®; OpticStudio. This allows the fast, easy and reliable simulation of optical systems which include holograms or holographic optical elements, e.g. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000091731
Veröffentlicht am 27.02.2019
DOI: 10.1186/s41476-018-0082-z
Zitationen: 6
Web of Science
Zitationen: 5
Zitationen: 5
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technik der Informationsverarbeitung (ITIV)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Interfakultative Einrichtungen (Interfakultative Einrichtungen)
Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics (KSOP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1990-2573
KITopen-ID: 1000091731
Erschienen in Journal of the European Optical Society / Rapid publications
Verlag SpringerOpen
Band 14
Heft 1
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 15
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 16.05.2018
Schlagwörter Holography, Holographic optical elements, Hoe, Head mounted display, Diffraction efficiency, Kogelnik,, Zemax
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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