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Experimental Demonstration and Validation of Hydrogen Production Based on Gasification of Lignocellulosic Feedstock

Loipersböck, Jürgen; Luisser, Markus; Müller, Stefan; Hofbauer, Hermann; Rauch, Reinhard

Abstract:
The worldwide production of hydrogen in 2010 was estimated to be approximately 50 Mt/a, mostly based on fossil fuels. By using lignocellulosic feedstock, an environmentally friendly hydrogen production route can be established. A flow sheet simulation for a biomass based hydrogen production plant was published in a previous work. The plant layout consisted of a dual fluidized bed gasifier including a gas cooler and a dust filter. Subsequently, a water gas shift plant was installed to enhance the hydrogen yield and a biodiesel scrubber was used to remove tars and water from the syngas. CO$_{2}$ was removed and the gas was compressed to separate hydrogen in a pressure swing adsorption. A steam reformer was used to reform the hydrocarbon-rich tail gas of the pressure swing adsorption and increase the hydrogen yield. Based on this work, a research facility was erected and the results were validated. These results were used to upscale the research plant to a 10 MW fuel feed scale. A validation of the system showed a chemical efficiency of the system of 60% and an overall efficiency of 55%, which indicates the high potential of this technology.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000091990
Veröffentlicht am 11.03.2019
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3390/chemengineering2040061
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Engler-Bunte-Institut (EBI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2305-7084
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-919909
KITopen-ID: 1000091990
HGF-Programm 34.14.02 (POF III, LK 01)
Erschienen in ChemEngineering
Band 2
Heft 4
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 61
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 11.12.2018
Schlagworte hydrogen; energy system; catalysis; reforming; modeling
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