This white-paper expresses common requirements of Research Communities seeking to leverage Identity Federation for
Authentication and Authorisation. Recommendations are made to Stakeholders to guide the future evolution of Federated
Identity Management in a direction that better satisfies research use cases. The authors represent research communities,
Research Services, Infrastructures, Identity Federations and Interfederations, with a joint motivation to ease collaboration
for distributed researchers. The content has been edited collaboratively by the Federated Identity Management for
Research (FIM4R) Community, with input sought at conferences and meetings in Europe, Asia and North America.