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Life-cycle Analysis for Assessing Environmental Impact

Hottenroth, Heidi; Peters, Jens; Baumann, Manuel; Viere, Tobias; Tietze, Ingela

In this chapter, stationary energy storage systems are assessed concerning their environmental impacts via life-cycle assessment (LCA). The considered storage technologies are pumped hydroelectric storage, different types of batteries and heat storage. After a general introduction to the method of LCA, some methodological implications for energy storage systems and the selection of impact indicators are outlined. Subsequently, the environmental impacts of different energy storage options are assessed in three case studies. The first case study compares pumped hydroelectric storage and utility-scale battery storage applying a screening LCA. Both of the two following case studies are based on an island micro grid application and follow a stepwise approach. The starting point is a pair of cost-optimal energy scenarios – one with and the other without use of stationary battery storage. First, based on the given operational parameters, the environmental performance of different lithium-ion batteries is assessed. This allows the identification of the most appropriate battery chemistry for this specific application (case study 2). Applying these results, the battery-using energy system scenario is compared in terms of environmental performance with an alternative scenario without battery use in order to determine the contribution of energy storage within the whole energy system (case study 3). ... mehr

DOI: 10.1039/9781788015530-00261
Zitationen: 2
Zitationen: 2
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Buchaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISBN: 978-1-78801-399-4
ISSN: 1465-1874
KITopen-ID: 1000093550
HGF-Programm 37.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Energy Storage Options and Their Environmental Impact. Ed.: R.E. Hester
Verlag Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Seiten 261–295
Serie Issues in Environmental Science and Technology ; 46
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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