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On the Feasibility of Water Surface Mapping with Single Photon LiDAR

Mandlburger, Gottfried; Jutzi, Boris ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung (IPF), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Single photon sensitive airborne Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) enables a higher area performance at the price of an increased outlier rate and a lower ranging accuracy compared to conventional Multi-Photon LiDAR. Single Photon LiDAR, in particular, uses green laser light potentially capable of penetrating clear shallow water. The technology is designed for large-area topographic mapping, which also includes the water surface. While the penetration capabilities of green lasers generally lead to underestimation of the water level heights, we specifically focus on the questions of whether Single Photon LiDAR (i) is less affected in this respect due to the high receiver sensitivity, and (ii) consequently delivers sufficient water surface echoes for precise high-resolution water surface reconstruction. After a review of the underlying sensor technology and the interaction of green laser light with water, we address the topic by comparing the surface responses of actual Single Photon LiDAR and Multi-Photon Topo-Bathymetric LiDAR datasets for selected horizontal water surfaces. The anticipated superiority of Single Photon LiDAR could not be verified in this study. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000094174
Veröffentlicht am 03.05.2019
DOI: 10.3390/ijgi8040188
Zitationen: 11
Web of Science
Zitationen: 8
Zitationen: 11
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung (IPF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2220-9964
KITopen-ID: 1000094174
Erschienen in ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Verlag MDPI
Band 8
Heft 4
Seiten 188
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 10.04.2019
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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