Mutual Information (MI) is an established measure for linear and nonlinear dependencies between two variables. Estimating MI is nontrivial and requires notable computation power for high estimation quality. While some estimation techniques allow trading result quality for lower runtimes, this tradeoff is fixed per task and cannot be adjusted. If the available time is unknown in advance or is overestimated, one may need to abort the estimation without any result. Conversely, when there are several estimation tasks, and one wants to budget computation time between them, there currently is no efficient way to adjust it dynamically based on certain targets, e.g., high MI values or MI values close to a constant. In this article, we present an iterative estimator of MI. Our method offers an estimate with low quality near-instantly and improves this estimate in fine grained steps with more computation time. The estimate also converges towards the result of a conventional estimator. We prove that the time complexity for this convergence is only slightly slower than non-iterative estimation. Additionally, with each step our estimator also tightens statistical guarantees regarding the convergence result, i.e., confidence intervals, progressively. ... mehrThese also serve as quality indicators for early estimates and allow to reliably discern between attribute pairs with weak and strong dependencies. Our experiments show that these guarantees can also be used to execute threshold queries faster compared to non-iterative estimation.