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The Effect of the Heel-to-Toe Drop of Standard Running Shoes on Lower Limb Biomechanics [in press]

Richert, F. C.; Stein, Thorsten; Ringhof, Steffen; Stetter, B. J.

Abstract (englisch):
Running brings many health benefits, but can lead to injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Modern running shoes have been developed to improve running biomechanics, including the heel-to-toe-drop (HTD) which has been highlighted as a central feature in shoe design. The purpose of this study was to investigate impact force characteristics, joint kinematics and kinetics across three commonly-available HTDs, as well as between running with HTDs and barefoot. Fifteen recreational runners took part in this study. Full-body kinematics and ground reaction force (GRF) data were collected while the participants ran at a speed of 4 m/s in three different shoe conditions (4 mm, 8 mm and 12 mm HTD) as well as barefoot. Comparisons between the four conditions were made for GRFs, joint kinematics and kinetics of the lower extremities. The results primarily showed that a 4 mm HTD led to increased vertical loading rate and maximum ankle moment, and a decreased maximum knee moment compared to 8 mm and 12 mm HTD. Additionally, differences in ankle and knee kinematics were seen between running in shoes and running barefoot. A lower HTD mainly altere ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1942-4280, 1942-4299
KITopen-ID: 1000095767
Erschienen in Footwear science
Schlagworte motion analysis, running biomechanics, lower extremity, shoe design, heel-to-toe drop, barefoot
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