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Total Cost of Ownership for Different State of the Art FDM Machines (3D Printers)

Fauth, Janin; Elkaseer, Ahmed; Scholz, Steffen G.

Abstract (englisch):
Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) analysis is an important tool to estimate total costs incurred for Additive Manufacturing (AM) over the time of the useful life from the purchaser’s perspective. Thus, the paper on hand describes the application of the TCO model to different state of the art Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) machines. The application of the TCO model to AM aims at uncovering and integrating cost savings and sustainability benefits into procurement decisions. A generic TCO model for AM was developed and applied to three selected FDM printers. The true costs were identified with the help of historical costs, vendor data and results from measurements on material and energy consumption. The cost calculations showed that the value and distribution of TCO cost components highly depend on the type of FDM printer as well as on identified influencing factors. The study resulted in recommendations towards sustainability improvement and concurrent cost reduction in AM, such as the reduction of material waste. To unleash cost and sustainability advantages, it is recommended to optimise procurement decisions while disclosing all true costs and properties of the 3D printers at the time of the product selection.



Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-9271-9_29
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Automation und angewandte Informatik (IAI)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Jahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISBN: 978-981-13-9271-9
ISSN: 2190-3018
KITopen-ID: 1000096173
HGF-Programm 43.22.03 (POF III, LK 01)
Erschienen in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing (KES-SDM 19), Budapest, Ungarn, 4 - 5 Juli 2019. Ed.: P. Ball
Veranstaltung 6th International Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing (KES-SDM 2019), Budapest, Ungarn, 04.07.2019 – 05.07.2019
Auflage 1. ed.
Verlag Springer, Singapore
Seiten 351-361
Serie Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies ; 155
Schlagworte Additive Manufacturing, Total Cost of ownership, Sustainability
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