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Pro-inflammatory responses to PM$_{0.25}$ from airport and urban traffic emissions

He, Rui-Wen; Shirmohammadi, Farimah; Gerlofs-Nijland, Miriam E.; Sioutas, Constantinos; Cassee, Flemming R.

Abstract:
Airport particulate matter (PM) emissions are the known source of air pollution in the proximity of an airport. Often large airports are located near metropolises, and airport emissions may have a potentially considerable impact on public health in the surrounding urban areas. However, little is known about the sources that are relevant to air quality and health in the vicinity of airports. Therefore, the effect of the chemical composition of airport-related PM on adverse health risks was investigated in comparison to urban traffic emissions.

PM0.25 were collected at the Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) and at a central Los Angeles site (USC campus), along with PM2.5 collected directly from turbine and diesel engines. The chemical composition, oxidative potential (OP) of particles as well as the reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity, inflammatory potential (IL 6, IL 8 and TNF–α) release and cytotoxicity on human bronchial epithelial (16HBE) cells were assessed. Chemical composition measurements confirmed that aircraft emissions were the major source to LAX PM0.25, while the sources of USC samples were more complex, including traffic emissions, suspended road and soil dust, and secondary sulfate. ... mehr

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Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000096759
Veröffentlicht am 23.07.2019
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Vortrag
Publikationsdatum 15.05.2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000096759
Veranstaltung 7th International Symposium on Ultrafine Particles, Air Quality and Climate (2019), Brüssel, Belgien, 15.05.2019 – 16.05.2019
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