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Analyzing the Interaction of Vortex and Gas–Liquid Interface Dynamics in Fuel Spray Nozzles by Means of Lagrangian-Coherent Structures (2D)

Dauch, Thilo F. 1; Ates, Cihan ORCID iD icon 1; Rapp, Tobias 2; Keller, Marc C. 1; Chaussonnet, Geoffroy 1; Kaden, Johannes 1; Okraschevski, Max ORCID iD icon 1; Koch, Rainer 1; Dachsbacher, Carsten 2; Bauer, Hans-Jörg 1
1 Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen (ITS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Visualisierung und Datenanalyse (IVD), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Predictions of the primary breakup of fuel in realistic fuel spray nozzles for aero-engine combustors by means of the SPH method are presented. Based on simulations in 2D, novel insights into the fundamental effects of primary breakup are established by analyzing the dynamics of Lagrangian-coherent structures (LCSs). An in-house visualization and data exploration platform is used in order to retrieve fields of the finite-time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE) derived from the SPH predictions aiming at the identification of time resolved LCSs. The main focus of this paper is demonstrating the suitability of FTLE fields to capture and visualize the interaction between the gas and the fuel flow leading to liquid disintegration. Aiming for a convenient illustration at a high spatial resolution, the analysis is presented based on 2D datasets. However, the method and the conclusions can analoguosly be transferred to 3D. The FTLE fields of modified nozzle geometries are compared in order to highlight the influence of the nozzle geometry on primary breakup, which is a novel and unique approach for this industrial application. Modifications of the geometry are proposed which are capable of suppressing the formation of certain LCSs, leading to less fluctuation of the fuel flow emerging from the spray nozzle.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000097224
Veröffentlicht am 09.08.2019
DOI: 10.3390/en12132552
Zitationen: 9
Web of Science
Zitationen: 7
Zitationen: 12
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen (ITS)
Institut für Visualisierung und Datenanalyse (IVD)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1073
KITopen-ID: 1000097224
Erschienen in Energies
Verlag MDPI
Band 12
Heft 13
Seiten Article: 2552
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 02.07.2019
Schlagwörter primary breakup; smoothed particle hydrodynamics; Lagrangian-coherent structures; fuel atomization; jet engine combustor
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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