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One Concept, Many Opinions: How Scientists in Germany Think About the Concept of Bioeconomy

Priefer, Carmen 1; Meyer, Rolf 1
1 Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The official bioeconomy strategies in Europe and Germany pursue a technology-based implementation pathway and stipulate a wide range of objectives to be achieved with a bio-based economy. Reviews of the scientific and societal debate have shown that the technology fix meets criticism and that there is a controversial discussion about possible ways to shape the transition process. Against this background, an online survey was carried out among scientists involved in a regional bioeconomy research program in southern Germany in order to gain insight into their understanding of a bioeconomy. Moreover, the survey provides information about cooperation and major challenges in the future development of three biomass utilization pathways: biogas, lignocellulose, and microalgae. The analysis showed that a resource-oriented understanding of a bioeconomy is favored. The political objectives for a European bioeconomy are widely accepted, and it is expected that ongoing research can significantly contribute to achieving these goals. The two different pathways for shaping the bioeconomy that are discussed in the debate—the technology-based approach and the socio-ecological approach—are considered compatible rather than contrary. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000097882
Veröffentlicht am 30.08.2019
DOI: 10.3390/su11154253
Zitationen: 15
Web of Science
Zitationen: 13
Zitationen: 17
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2071-1050
KITopen-ID: 1000097882
HGF-Programm 36.02.01 (POF III, LK 01) Sustainability and Environment
Erschienen in Sustainability
Verlag MDPI
Band 11
Heft 15
Seiten Articel: 4253
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 06.08.2019
Schlagwörter bioeconomy; survey; strategies; research program; biogas; lignocellulose; microalgae
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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