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Variation in Magnetic Fabrics at Low Shock Pressure Due to Experimental Impact Cratering

Agarwal, A.; Kontny, Agnes; Kenkmann, T.; Poelchau, M. H.

Abstract:
Magnetic fabrics provide important clues for understanding impact cratering processes. However, only a few magnetic fabric studies for experimentally shocked material have been reported so far. In the framework of MEMIN (Multidisciplinary Experimental and Modeling Impact Research Network), we conducted two impact experiments on blocks of Maggia gneiss with the foliation oriented perpendicular (A38) and parallel (A37) to the target surface. Maggia gneiss has plenty of biotite bands forming a strong rock foliation. The bulk magnetic susceptibility varies from 0.376 × 10$^{−3}$ to 1.298 × 10$^{−3}$ SI in unshocked and from 0.443 × 10$^{−3}$ to 3.940 × 10$^{−3}$ SI in shocked gneiss. The thermomagnetic curves reveal a Verwey transition at −147 °C and a Curie temperature between 576 and 579 °C in unshocked and shocked samples, indicating nearly pure magnetite, which carries the magnetic fabrics. In A37 and A38 kinking is prominent from the point source down to a depth of 2 and 4.2 d$_{p}$ (projectile diameter) or 1 and 2.1 cm, respectively. Kinking, folding, and fracturing changed the position of magnetite grains with respect to each other to reorient the magnetic fabrics. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000098144
Veröffentlicht am 09.09.2019
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0148-0227, 2156-2202, 2169-9313, 2169-9356
KITopen-ID: 1000098144
Erschienen in Journal of geophysical research / Solid earth
Band 124
Heft 8
Seiten 9095-9108
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
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