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Effects of the tenants electricity law on energy system layout and landlord-tenant relationship in a multi-family building in Germany

Braeuer, Fritz; Kleinebrahm, Max; Naber, Elias

Abstract:
Multi-family buildings (MFB) accommodate 53% of the German apartment stock. Although PV-systems on single-family buildings are widely implemented, the PV-potential on MFBs has barely been touched. Therefore, the German government introduced the Mieterstromgesetz, the tenants electricity law (TEL), in 2016. This law exempts electricity directly produced and consumed in a building from certain charges and taxes. Within the TEL framework, the landlord acts as the local electricity provider and can profit from selling electricity to the tenants and tenants can save electricity costs. This paper analyses the techno-economic effects of the TEL on the energy system layout of a MFB in Germany. Furthermore, it gives implications on how the TEL affects the tenant-landlord relationship. In this analyses, a MILP model is used to maximize the net present value (NPV) and determines the optimal layout and dispatch of the energy system. The model can choose to invest in PV, CHP and a battery storage system. Additionally, one to six electric vehicles (EVs) are integrated into the model. The novelty of this paper is the model-based analysis of the German Mieterstromgesetz considering EVs. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000098157
Veröffentlicht am 09.09.2019
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/323/1/012168
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und Industrielle Produktion (IIP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1755-1315
KITopen-ID: 1000098157
Erschienen in IOP conference series / Earth and environmental science
Band 323
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 012168
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 06.09.2019
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