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Interannual to Decadal Rainfall Variability over Greater Horn of Africa: Non-Stationary Teleconnections, Physical Mechanisms, and Predictability

Bahaga, Titike Kassa


The main objectives of this thesis are to understand the drivers of interannual-to-decadal rainfall variability over the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA), to detect non-stationary teleconnections, to investigate the physical mechanisms, and to assess the skill of the MiKlip decadal forecast systems. To address these objectives, interannual to decadal teleconnections influencing the three GHA major rainy seasons are examined using observational datasets for 1901–2013. Sea Surface Temperature (SST)-based climate indices known to influence Short, Kiremt and Long Rains are used in a comprehensive statistical analysis to detect non-stationary behaviour in teleconnections and to split them into interannual and decadal times scales. Interannual variability in the October–December Short Rains is predominantly influenced by the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) with percent variance explained (PVE) of up to 80% in recent years. However, abrupt shifts in this teleconnection are found around 1918, 1951, 1987, and 1994. The Short Rains also correlate strongly with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). However, the ENSO influence on Short Rains is mediated by an in-phase fluctuation of IOD. ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000098606
Veröffentlicht am 04.10.2019
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Troposphärenforschung (IMKTRO)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Hochschulschrift
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000098606
Verlag Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Umfang XXII, 158 S.
Art der Arbeit Dissertation
Fakultät Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut Troposphärische Messkampagnen und Modellentwicklung (IMKTRO-T)
Prüfungsdatum 28.06.2019
Referent/Betreuer Fink, A. H.
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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