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Superior Lithium Storage Capacity of α‐MnS Nanoparticles Embedded in S‐Doped Carbonaceous Mesoporous Frameworks

Ma, Yuan; Ma, Yanjiao; Kim, Guk‐Tae; Diemant, Thomas; Behm, Rolf Jürgen; Geiger, Dorin; Kaiser, Ute; Varzi, Alberto; Passerini, Stefano

Herein, a Mn‐based metal–organic framework is used as a precursor to obtain well‐defined α‐MnS/S‐doped C microrod composites. Ultrasmall α‐MnS nanoparticles (3–5 nm) uniformly embedded in S‐doped carbonaceous mesoporous frameworks (α‐MnS/SCMFs) are obtained in a simple sulfidation reaction. As‐obtained α‐MnS/SCMFs shows outstanding lithium storage performance, with a specific capacity of 1383 mAh g−1 in the 300th cycle or 1500 mAh g−1 in the 120th cycle (at 200 mA g−1) using copper or nickel foil as the current collector, respectively. The significant (pseudo)capacitive contribution and the stable composite structure of the electrodes result in impressive rate capabilities and outstanding long‐term cycling stability. Importantly, in situ X‐ray diffraction measurements studies on electrodes employing various metal foils/disks as current collector reveal the occurrence of the conversion reaction of CuS at (de)lithiation process when using copper foil as the current collector. This constitutes the first report of the reaction mechanism for α‐MnS, eventually forming metallic Mn and Li2S. In situ dilatometry measurements demonstrate that the peculiar structure of α‐MnS/SCMFs effectively restrains the electrode volume variation upon repeated (dis)charge processes. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000098869
Veröffentlicht am 09.12.2019
DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902077
Zitationen: 22
Web of Science
Zitationen: 20
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1614-6832, 1614-6840
KITopen-ID: 1000098869
HGF-Programm 37.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Advanced energy materials
Verlag Wiley-VCH Verlag
Band 9
Heft 43
Seiten Article: 1902077
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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