Near Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy is widely employed as a rapid technique for the evaluation of properties of biomass materials. Precision and accuracy of the instruments is an important aspect in order to minimize error in the determination of results. The objective of this publication is to determine scanning repeatability and reproducibility of the NIR spectrometer for wheat straw (Triticum aestivum L.), using either a fixed scan or a rotating scan. The former presented marginally better repeatability but worse reproducibility. Samples in equilibrium with the local atmosphere versus samples of controlled and different moisture contents were also compared, and the latter performed better on the precision test but both fixed and rotating scans. As the ultimate objective of this test is the use of this method to determine variations between different moisture content, and as the rotating scan presents better reproducibility, this method was selected as the reference method for further NIR analyses focused on the variation of moisture content.