Surface degradation of Ni-enriched layered cathode material Li[Ni0.6Mn0.2Co0.2]O2
(NMC622) is the main reason that leads to large capacity decay during long-term cycling. In the frame of this research, an amorphous SiO2 coating was applied onto the surface of the commercially available NMC622 powder by a wet coating process, through the condensation reaction of tetraethylorthosilicate. The chemical composition of the coating layer was analyzed by inductively-coupled plasma. The morphology was studied by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Electrochemical properties, including cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic cycling, and rate capability measurements in a half-cell configuration, were tested to compare the electrochemical
behavior of the non-coated and coated NMC622 materials. It is shown that the rate performance of the NMC622 materials is not aected by the coating layer. After 700 cycles in the range of 3.0–4.3 V at 2 C discharge, the cells with SiO2-coated NMC622 materials retained 80% of their initial capacity, which is higher than the uncoated ones (74%). Physicochemical characterizations, e.g., XRD and SEM, were performed post-mortem to reveal the stabilizing mechanism of the SiO2-coated NMC622 electrodes after long-term cycling. ... mehrBased on these results, this is due to the shielding effect of the coating between the NMC622 particle surface and the liquid electrolyte, along with its scavenging
effect on HF. SiO2 coating is therefore a facile surface modification method that results in potentially significant enhancement of the cyclic stability of Ni-rich NMC materials.