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The Future of Midlatitude Cyclones

Catto, Jennifer L.; Ackerley, Duncan; Booth, James F.; Champion, Adrian J.; Colle, Brian A.; Pfahl, Stephan; Pinto, Joaquim G.; Quinting, Julian F.; Seiler, Christian

Abstract:
Purpose of Review

This review brings together recent research on the structure, characteristics, dynamics, and impacts of extratropical cyclones in the future. It draws on research using idealized models and complex climate simulations, to evaluate what is known and unknown about these future changes.


Recent Findings

There are interacting processes that contribute to the uncertainties in future extratropical cyclone changes, e.g., changes in the horizontal and vertical structure of the atmosphere and increasing moisture content due to rising temperatures.


Summary

While precipitation intensity will most likely increase, along with associated increased latent heating, it is unclear to what extent and for which particular climate conditions this will feedback to increase the intensity of the cyclones. Future research could focus on bridging the gap between idealized models and complex climate models, as well as better understanding of the regional impacts of future changes in extratropical cyclones.

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Postprint §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000099950
Veröffentlicht am 18.11.2019
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1007/s40641-019-00149-4
Scopus
Zitationen: 10
Web of Science
Zitationen: 8
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2198-6061
KITopen-ID: 1000099950
HGF-Programm 12.01.02 (POF III, LK 01) Proc.res.f.multisc.predictab.of weather
Erschienen in Current climate change reports
Verlag Springer
Band 5
Heft 4
Seiten 407–420
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 15.11.2019
Schlagwörter Extratropical cyclones; Climate change; Windstorms; Idealized model; CMIP models
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
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