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Quantifying Concentration Polarization – Raman Microspectroscopy for In-Situ Measurement in a Flat Sheet Cross-flow Nanofiltration Membrane Unit

Jung, Oliver 1,2; Saravia, Florencia; Wagner, Michael 3; Heißler, Stefan 4; Horn, Harald 1,2
1 Engler-Bunte-Institut (EBI), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie (ITCP), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
3 Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
4 Institut für Funktionelle Grenzflächen (IFG), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:
In this work, the concentration polarization layer (CPL) of sulphate in a cross-flow membrane system was measured in-situ using Raman microspectroscopy (RM). The focus of this work is to introduce RM as a new tool for the study of mass transfer inside membrane channels in reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) generally. Specifically, this work demonstrates how to use RM for locally resolved measurement of sulphate concentration in a cross-flow flat-sheet NF membrane flow cell with channel dimensions similar to commonly applied RO/NF spiral wound modules (channel height about 0.7 mm). Concentration polarization profiles of an aqueous magnesium sulphate solution of 10 gsulphate·L−1 were obtained at operating pressure of 10 bar and cross-flow velocities of 0.04 and 0.2 m·s−1. The ability of RM to provide accurate concentration profiles is discussed thoroughly. Optical effects due to refraction present one of the main challenges of the method by substantially affecting signal intensity and depth resolution. The concentration profiles obtained in this concept study are consistent with theory and show reduced CPL thickness and membrane wall concentration with increasing cross-flow velocity. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000099956
Veröffentlicht am 18.11.2019
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-52369-1
Scopus
Zitationen: 7
Web of Science
Zitationen: 6
Dimensions
Zitationen: 7
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Engler-Bunte-Institut (EBI)
Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Institut für Funktionelle Grenzflächen (IFG)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2045-2322
KITopen-ID: 1000099956
HGF-Programm 43.22.01 (POF III, LK 01) Functionality by Design
Erschienen in Scientific reports
Verlag Nature Research
Band 9
Heft 1
Seiten Article: 15885
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.11.2019
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Scopus
Web of Science
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