The recycling of spent lithium-ion batteries has significant potential to benefit our society economically and environmentally as well as preserving raw materials. Although diverse
process chains have been applied or under development to recycle batteries, a common, critical issue for battery recycling is the separation of the metallic current collector from the composite film of the electrode. In this study, inspired by the amazing controllable attachment and detachment ability of geckos’ foot-hairs, microscale near-surface architecture is designed on the interface between the current collector and the composite film in lithium-ion batteries, so that it displays controllable and directional adhesion, i.e., enhanced adhesion can be obtained during its lifetime to cope with the substantial volume changes of the composite film upon intercalation and deintercalation, whereas during recycling, the composite layer of the electrode can be easily peeled off from the current collector in a certain direction. This study is the first application of structural adhesives for the development of easy-to-recycle lithium-ion batteries. This technology can also be extended to other electronic products to avoid an ever-growing volume of electronic waste. ... mehrThe fundamental understanding on the interfacial adhesion and delamination mechanisms provides a scientific footing for the realization of next-generation easy-to-recycle electronics.