KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum | Datenschutz

Societal breakdown as an emergent property of large-scale behavioural models of land use change

Brown, Calum; Seo, Bumsuk; Rounsevell, Mark

Abstract:
Human land use has placed enormous pressure on natural resources and ecosystems worldwide and may even prompt socio-ecological collapses under some circumstances. Efforts to avoid such collapses are hampered by a lack of knowledge about when they may occur and how they may be prevented. Computational models that illuminate potential future developments in the land system are invaluable tools in this context. While such models are widely used to project biophysical changes, they are currently less able to explore the social dynamics that will be key aspects of future global change. As a result, strategies for navigating a hazardous future may suffer from “blind spots” at which individual, social and political behaviours divert the land system away from predicted pathways.

We apply CRAFTY-EU, an agent-based model of the European land system, in order to investigate the effects of human behavioural aspects of land management at the continental scale. We explore a range of potential futures using climatic and socio-economic scenarios and present a coherent set of cross-sectoral projections without imposed equilibria or optimisation. These projections include various behavioural responses to scenarios including non-economic motivations, aversion to change and heterogeneity in decision-making. ... mehr

Open Access Logo


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000100507
Veröffentlicht am 05.12.2019
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2190-4987
KITopen-ID: 1000100507
HGF-Programm 12.02.02 (POF III, LK 01)
Erschienen in Earth System Dynamics
Band 10
Heft 4
Seiten 809–845
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.12.2019
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page