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Overview of the Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition: Study of Preindustrial-like Aerosols and Their Climate Effects (ACE-SPACE)

Schmale, Julia; Baccarini, Andrea; Thurnherr, Iris; Henning, Silvia; Efraim, Avichay; Regayre, Leighton; Bolas, Conor; Hartmann, Markus; Welti, André; Lehtipalo, Katrianne; Aemisegger, Franziska; Tatzelt, Christian; Landwehr, Sebastian; Modini, Robin L.; Tummon, Fiona; Johnson, Jill S.; Harris, Neil; Schnaiter, Martin; Toffoli, Alessandro; Derkani, Marzieh; ... mehr

Abstract:
Uncertainty in radiative forcing caused by aerosol–cloud interactions is about twice as large as for CO2 and remains the least well understood anthropogenic contribution to climate change. A major cause of uncertainty is the poorly quantified state of aerosols in the pristine preindustrial atmosphere, which defines the baseline against which anthropogenic effects are calculated. The Southern Ocean is one of the few remaining near-pristine aerosol environments on Earth, but there are very few measurements to help evaluate models. The Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition: Study of Preindustrial-like Aerosols and their Climate Effects (ACE-SPACE) took place between December 2016 and March 2017 and covered the entire Southern Ocean region (Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans; length of ship track >33,000 km) including previously unexplored areas. In situ measurements covered aerosol characteristics [e.g., chemical composition, size distributions, and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) number concentrations], trace gases, and meteorological variables. Remote sensing observations of cloud properties, the physical and microbial ocean state, and back trajectory analyses are used to interpret the in situ data. ... mehr

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Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0187.1
Scopus
Zitationen: 5
Web of Science
Zitationen: 6
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 11.2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0003-0007, 1520-0477
KITopen-ID: 1000100509
HGF-Programm 12.01.01 (POF III, LK 01)
Clouds in a pertubed atmosphere
Erschienen in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Band 100
Heft 11
Seiten 2260–2283
Externe Relationen Abstract/Volltext
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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