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Testing the Weiss-Harter-Model: Physical Activity, Self-Esteem, Enjoyment, and Social Support in Children and Adolescents

Jekauc, Darko 1; Mnich, Carina ORCID iD icon 1; Niessner, Claudia ORCID iD icon 1; Wunsch, Kathrin 1; Nigg, Claudio R. 1; Krell-Roesch, Janina ORCID iD icon 1; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Background: Several theories have been established to explain physical activity (PA) participation. However, many of these theories might not be applicable to adolescent PA behavior as they require a high level of cognitive reflection. Weiss suggests a model for youth which is based on the theoretical concept of Harter, focusing on self-esteem within social, emotional, and developmental aspects to explain behavior. The aim of this study was to test the original and a social support focused alternative version of the Weiss-Harter-model, and to cross-validate the findings in two separate studies.
Methods: Data from two cross-sectional studies was retrieved and the models tested using structural equation modeling. Participants aged 11–17 years were recruited from a school (Study 1: N = 182) and from the German MoMo study (Study 2: N = 2,274). They filled in questionnaires about perceived competence, social support, self-esteem, PA enjoyment, and minutes of moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA).
Results: None of the studies showed a good model fit for the original model [Study 1: CFI = 0.870, RMSEA 0.118 (90% CI 0.081–0.158), χ$^{2}$ = 38.7, p < 0.01; Study 2: CFI = 0.871, RMSEA 0.148 (90% CI 0.140–0.155), χ$^{2}$ = 1112.6, p < 0.01], explaining only 12% and 17% of MVPA variance, respectively. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000104212
Veröffentlicht am 16.12.2019
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02568
Zitationen: 13
Zitationen: 12
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-1078
KITopen-ID: 1000104212
Erschienen in Frontiers in psychology
Verlag Frontiers Media SA
Band 10
Seiten Art. Nr.: 2568
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 15.11.2019
Schlagwörter physical activity, children, adolescents, self-esteem, enjoyment, perceived competence, social support, Weiss-Harter-model
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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