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The unprecedented 2017 - 2018 stratospheric smoke event: decay phase and aerosol properties observed with the EARLINET

Baars, Holger; Ansmann, Albert; Ohneiser, Kevin; Haarig, Moritz; Engelmann, Ronny; Althausen, Dietrich; Hanssen, Ingrid; Gausa, Michael; Pietruczuk, Aleksander; Szkop, Artur; Stachlewska, Iwona S.; Wang, Dongxiang; Reichardt, Jens; Skupin, Annett; Mattis, Ina; Trickl, Thomas; Vogelmann, Hannes; Navas-Guzmán, Francisco; Haefele, Alexander; Acheson, Karen; ... mehr

Abstract:
Six months of stratospheric aerosol observations with the European Aerosol Research Lidar Network (EARLINET) from August 2017 to January 2018 are presented. The decay phase of an unprecedented, record-breaking stratospheric perturbation caused by wildfire smoke is reported and discussed in terms of geometrical, optical, and microphysical aerosol properties. Enormous amounts of smoke were injected into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over fire areas in western Canada on 12 August 2017 during strong thunderstorm–pyrocumulonimbus activity. The stratospheric fire plumes spread over the entire Northern Hemisphere in the following weeks and months. Twenty-eight European lidar stations from northern Norway to southern Portugal and the eastern Mediterranean monitored the strong stratospheric perturbation on a continental scale. The main smoke layer (over central, western, southern, and eastern Europe) was found at heights between 15 and 20 km since September 2017 (about 2 weeks after entering the stratosphere). Thin layers of smoke were detected at heights of up to 22–23 km. The stratospheric aerosol optical thickness at 532 nm decreased from values > 0.25 on 21–23 August 2017 to 0.005–0.03 until 5–10 September and was mainly 0.003–0.004 from October to December 2017 and thus was still significantly above the stratospheric background (0.001–0.002). ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000104502
Veröffentlicht am 03.01.2020
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-15183-2019
Scopus
Zitationen: 19
Web of Science
Zitationen: 17
Dimensions
Zitationen: 23
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2019
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7324
KITopen-ID: 1000104502
HGF-Programm 12.03.01 (POF III, LK 01) Long term observations of tropospheric
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 19
Heft 23
Seiten 15183-15198
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 13.12.2019
Schlagwörter EARLINET, stratospheric smoke, lidar
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Scopus
Web of Science
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