This work discusses the advantage of optical transmission utilizing wavelength-division multiplexing for the read-out of experimental data in detector instrumentation in high-energy physics, astroparticle physics or photon science. A multi-channel optical transmitter is developed as the core component on a silicon-on-insulator platform. It implements Mach-Zehnder modulators with a depletion-type pn-phase shifter in each arm, while the (de )multiplexers rely on planar concave gratings. The modulator design is expected to support a symbol rate in the range 40 GBd even with a phase shifter length of 3 mm. The development of an efficient simulation method is presented, which allows for the reliable prediction of the steady-state modulator characteristics. Furthermore, this work addresses the packaging technology for grating-coupled silicon photonic components. In particular, a fabrication and assembly process for a planar fiber-to-chip coupling using angle-polished single-mode fibers is developed. A long-term-stable coupling with a small footprint is achieved, of which the coupling efficiency is only weakly dependent on ambient conditions.