The injection of urea-water solution (UWS) sprays into engine-close selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems faces developers with complex challenges regarding two-phase flow and deposit formation. Potential spray impact on the static mixing elements inside the exhaust duct can lead to accumulation of liquid film and solid deposits, which may result in detachment of large UWS droplets at the trailing edges of the mixer blades. Present work focuses on the mechanisms of film and deposit formation within the scope of a joint study on spray preparation in the mixing section of SCR systems. A production type SCR exhaust system is used for optical investigations on gas flow and UWS droplets at the mixing element using Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) and Long Distance Microscopy (LDM) with a high-speed camera. Measured shear flows inside the mixing element are up to three times higher than the flow velocity upstream the mixer. Here, a decrease of droplet diameters of detached droplets is revealed with increased shear flow velocity. Characteristic urea deposits are created in a laboratory test bench and their surface structure is measured by use of Confocal Microscopy. ... mehrResults show highly rough surface structures, which are used as input parameters together with the flow measurements to define the computational domain at the trailing edge of the mixer blades. Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is adopted for the numerical simulation of the transient two-phase flow and validated by LDM high-speed recordings of droplet detachment. Comparisons reveal a distinct influence of solid depositions on the re-atomization of the liquid film at the rear edge of the mixer blade. By interface resolving simulations with a phase-field method, the wall impingement of a sequence of large secondary droplets and associated film formation are studied. The results indicate that UWS film formation at the exhaust pipe wall may be reduced by hydrophobic surfaces and high gas velocities near the wall.